Home > Food Safety & Food Science Training > 21 C.F.R. Part 110—Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Packing, or Holding Human Food

21 C.F.R. PART 110 —


[Code of Federal Regulations] [Title 21, Volume 2] [Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 21CFR110.3] [Page 219-220]

This material is from the FSIS/USDA website located here.

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§ 110.3


§ 110.5

Current good manufacturing practice

§ 110.10


§ 110.19


§ 110.20

Plant and grounds

§ 110.35

Sanitary operations

§ 110.37

Sanitary facilities and controls

§ 110.40

Equipment and utensils

§ 110.80

Processes and controls

§ 110.93

Warehousing and distribution

§ 110.110

Natural or unavoidable defects in food for human use that present no health hazard

Subpart C Equipment

Sec. 110.40 Equipment and utensils.

(a) All plant equipment and utensils shall be so designed and of such material and workmanship as to be adequately cleanable, and shall be properly maintained. The design, construction, and use of equipment and utensils shall preclude the adulteration of food with lubricants, fuel, metal fragments, contaminated water, or any other contaminants. All equipment should be so installed and maintained as to facilitate the cleaning of the equipment and of all adjacent spaces. Food-contact surfaces shall be corrosion-resistant when in contact with food. They shall be made of nontoxic materials and designed to withstand the environment of their intended use and the action of food, and, if applicable, cleaning compounds and sanitizing agents. Food-contact surfaces shall be maintained to protect food from being contaminated by any source, including unlawful indirect food additives.

[[Page 220]]

(b) Seams on food-contact surfaces shall be smoothly bonded or maintained so as to minimize accumulation of food particles, dirt, and organic matter and thus minimize the opportunity for growth of microorganisms.

(c) Equipment that is in the manufacturing or food-handling area and that does not come into contact with food shall be so constructed that it can be kept in a clean condition.

(d) Holding, conveying, and manufacturing systems, including gravimetric, pneumatic, closed, and automated systems, shall be of a design and construction that enables them to be maintained in an appropriate sanitary condition.

(e) Each freezer and cold storage compartment used to store and hold food capable of supporting growth of microorganisms shall be fitted with an indicating thermometer, temperature-measuring device, or temperature- recording device so installed as to show the temperature accurately within the compartment, and should be fitted with an automatic control for regulating temperature or with an automatic alarm system to indicate a significant temperature change in a manual operation.

(f) Instruments and controls used for measuring, regulating, or recording temperatures, pH, acidity, water activity, or other conditions that control or prevent the growth of undesirable microorganisms in food shall be accurate and adequately maintained, and adequate in number for their designated uses.

(g) Compressed air or other gases mechanically introduced into food or used to clean food-contact surfaces or equipment shall be treated in such a way that food is not contaminated with unlawful indirect food additives.

Subpart D [Reserved]