Wetland plants, also known as hydrophytes or hydrophytic vegetation, have adaptations that enable them to grow and reproduce with their roots in water or saturated soil for at least part of the year. In contrast, plants that cannot survive in saturated conditions are commonly referred to as upland plants.
Along with hydric soils and hydrology, the presence of wetland plants is one of the primary factors involved in the identification of wetland areas and the delineation of wetland boundaries. Therefore, the ability to identify wetland plants and distinguish between upland and wetland plant species is an essential step in the wetland delineation process.
In this two-day course, you will learn how to identify plant species frequently encountered by wetland delineators in northern and central New Jersey and neighboring New York and Pennsylvania. By the end of the course, you will be able to use two common field guides to quickly and confidently identify wetland plant species that are important in determining if an area meets the hydrophytic vegetation criterion for wetland delineation.
Students can expect to see over 100 different plant species, including trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants, while learning how to use two basic field guides for identifying wetland and upland plants. Guided by instructor and wetlands expert Ralph Tiner, students will have the opportunity to explore vegetation in freshwater wetland habitats typical of the region.
This is a field-based course, so please dress accordingly for the outdoors!
NOTE: If you are planning to achieve the Wetland Delineation Certificate, we require that you complete this course prior to attending the Methodology for Delineating Wetlands course.
Click on the tabs below for more details about this wetland vegetation identification course.
Featured Topics Covered in this Vegetation Identification Course:
- Introduction to Plant Identification and Wetland Plant Indicator Statuses
- Use of Plant Identification Keys in the Field
- Plant Names, Plant Groups, General Plant Morphology
- Basic Botanical Terminology
- Woody Plant Morphology
- Grass Morphology
- Sedge/Rush Morphology
Vegetation Identification for Wetland Delineation: North - Day 1 (Wallkill)
|8:00am - 8:30am:
||Reception, Coffee/Refreshments, Registration
|8:30am - 9:00am:
||Introductions, Introduction to the Course, Overview of References
|9:00am - 10:00am:
||Review of Diagnostic Plant Characteristics
|10:00am - 10:15am:
|10:15am - 11:45am:
||Introduction to the Use of Field Guides for Plant Identification (Newcomb's Wildflower Guide and Field Guide to Nontidal Wetland
|11:45am - 12:15pm:
||Lunch (in classroom)
|12:15pm - 4:00pm:
||Use Field Guides to Identify Plants in and around Wetlands - High Point State Park and Wallkill National Wildlife Refuge (if time permits)
|4:00pm - 4:30pm:
||Return to classroom and wrap-up
Vegetation Identification for Wetland Delineation: North - Day 2 (Basking Ridge)
|8:00am - 8:30am:
|8:30am - 9:30am:
||Lecture on plants characteristic of freshwater wetlands in northern New Jersey and New England
|9:30am - 12:00pm:
||Use Field Guides to Identify Plants in and around Wetlands - Somerset County Environmental Center (SCEC)
|12:00pm - 12:45pm:
||Lunch (in classroom)
|12:45pm - 4:00pm:
||Use Field Guides to Identify Plants in and around Wetlands - SCEC and Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge
|4:00pm - 4:30pm:
||Return to classroom and wrap-up
* Note that field sites are subject to change due to site availability.
This wetland vegetation identification course is designed for anyone who wants to gain experience identifying wetland plants, including:
- Arborists and Forestry Technicians
- Environmental Scientists, Environmental Consultants, and Environmental Planners
- Geologists and Hydrogeologists
- GIS Specialists
- Landscape Architects and Landscape Designers
- Land Surveyors
- Wetland Delineators and Wetland Scientists
Comments from Past Students about this Vegetation Identification for Wetland Delineation course:
"It was very hands on. Definitely helped me improve my skills with keying out different species. Was able to become more familiarized with some trees."
- Jen Reed, Ecologist
"It gives you a good, general education about local wetland vegetation which can be built upon."
"The site walks were very hands-on and very helpful."
"I found many more species that I can use to make my identification of wetlands more complete."
"Great introduction to plant species found in our area."
"Found everything to be useful and informative."
Ralph Tiner, M.S., M.P.A., SWS Fellow has over 40 years of practical experience in wetland delineation and is a nationally recognized authority in the field. He recently retired from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service where he directed wetland mapping in the Northeast United States as part of the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's National Wetlands Inventory (NWI). He is a nationally recognized expert on wetland delineation and has been actively involved in improving wetland delineation techniques for decades. In addition, he was compiler and principal author of the Federal Interagency Wetland Delineation Manual, which was published in 1989 and is the standard for identifying and delineating wetlands in New Jersey.
Ralph has written extensively on the subject of wetlands and is the author of several field guides including: Field Guide to Non-tidal Wetland Identification, Maine Wetlands and Their Boundaries, A Field Guide to Coastal Wetland Plants of the Northeastern United States, and In Search of Swampland, as well as an update of the Wetland Indicators book entitled Wetland Indicators: A Guide to Wetland Formation, Identification, Delineation, Classification, and Mapping. His most recent books are: Tidal Wetlands Primer: An Introduction to Their Ecology, Natural History, Status, and Conservation and Remote Sensing of Wetlands: Applications and Advances (for which he is senior editor and authored several chapters).
In addition to writing about wetlands, he has been teaching wetland identification and delineation courses through the Rutgers Office of Continuing Professional Education Office since the mid-1980s.
Comments from Past Students about Ralph Tiner:
- "Ralph is the dude! Entertaining and excellent teacher. Ralph has a deep knowledge of wetlands and much more, is a joy to listen to."
-Thomas D'Angelo, Environmental Consultant
- "Very knowledgeable about plants and wetlands in general, entertaining teaching style."
- "Patient, great at guiding field exercises."
- "Great expertise and hands on experience."
- "Mr. Tiner is very knowledgeable and friendly in his teaching methods."
Jump-Start Your Career with a Rutgers Wetland Certificate!
Promote your education and experience in wetland plant identification and delineation -- earn the nationally recognized Rutgers Wetland Delineation Certificate!
This certificate program consists of 6 days of training: our 2-day Vegetation Identification course (North or South sessions ONLY; Winter and Tidal Plants are NOT part of the certificate series) and our 4-day Methodology of Delineating Wetlands course.
Participants must also complete the take-home exam with a score of 70% or better in order to earn the certificate.
NOTE: If you are planning to earn the Wetland Delineation Certificate, we require that you complete Vegetation Identification prior to attending the Methodology of Delineating Wetlands class.
The May 21-22, 2019 offering of this course was approved for the following credits. We will reapply for similar credits the next time the course runs, but we cannot guarantee credit approval for future offerings.
In addition to 1.6 Rutgers CEUs, this wetland training course is approved for the following credits:
Certified Public Works Managers - 5 Technical, 5 Management
Landscape Architecture Continuing Education System (LA CES) Credits - 16 hours
NJ Landscape Architects - 12 hours
NJ Professional Engineers - 12 Continuing Professional Competency (CPC) credits
NY Landscape Architects - 4 hours CL; 10 hours EA
NY Professional Engineers/Land Surveyors - 12 hours
Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program (SWSPCP) - Vegetation Identification for Wetland Delineation: North has been pre-approved for 0.8 equivalent semester hours by the SWSPCP as meeting standards for content and instruction toward SWSPCP Professional Certification or SWSPCP Professional Certification Renewal. Approval per course is calculated based upon 15 hours of contact time per credit. Click here for more information about the Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program (SWSPCP).
ATTENTION HEALTH OFFICERS AND REGISTERED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SPECIALISTS: Rutgers University, NJAES, Office of Continuing Professional Education has been approved by the New Jersey Department of Health as a provider of NJ Public Health Continuing Education Contact Hours (CEs). Participants who complete this education program will be awarded 13.0 NJ Public Health Continuing Education Contact Hours (CEs).
Society of American Foresters - Category 1: 13.00; Category 2: 0.0
The Wildlife Society - 12 hours
We strongly recommend that you use the directions we provide.
Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge
136 Owens Station Road, Sussex, NJ 07461
Directions and Map
(Day 2 is held at a separate location. Further information will be provided in your registration packet.)
Note: Pre-registration is required. We're sorry, but we cannot guarantee a seat, materials or meals for walk-in registrants. Location is subject to change; registrants will be notified in the event of a change.